There are several ways to dry wood. The main distinction is made between natural and technical (or artificial) drying.
You can make drying easier by cutting in winter. In winter, the tree pulls the water back from the higher branches and trunks. So there is less moisture in the tree. Incidentally, this is also the reason why the leaves fall to the ground in autumn: They are no longer adequately supplied with liquid.
OUTDOOR DRYING (FOREST / WAREHOUSE / SCHUPPEN)
Naturally outdoor drying has several advantages:
- Drying in the open air is of course cost and energy saving.
- The wood dries by itself, through the air, so no expensive drying systems are necessary.
- The slow drying is gentle on the wood.
But there are also many disadvantages to consider:
- This type of drying takes months to years.
- Air drying is only possible up to the general air humidity (15-20%). So this wood can only be used for certain outdoor work. The wood must be drier for interior work.
- In addition, the wood is exposed to the weather and possible animal infestation throughout this period.
- Long storage can damage the wood, such as cracks or discoloration.
- The risk of fire is very high in such a deposit. This means that capital is in constant danger.
- With wood with long storage times, capital is tied up for a very long time.
- The storage area is enormous.
OUTDOOR DRYING – BUT CORRECT!
Despite the many disadvantages, many have no option but to dry their wood in the open air. It is also not possible to technically dry all wood. It is therefore important to store the wood correctly during drying.
- In any case, it should be free and airy.
- Pay attention to fire regulations. (Fire extinguisher nearby, etc.)
- The subsoil should have a slight slope (2-3.3 cm / m) or drainage so that no water remains.
- Do not park in the grass. It is best to store it on a concrete surface or on gravel.
- Stack your wood properly. In the following, I will explain how you can do this best.